World Oceans Day 2019: Current Theme, History & Importance
World Oceans Day provides a Unique opportunity not only in honoring but also in conserving and in protecting our Ocean. Every year it is observed on 8 June, to raise global awareness about the importance of ocean in our lives and the ways through which we can protect it.
It's an individual's duty to participate and to contribute in protecting and preserving our shared ocean. So, it is desirable to get together with our family, friends and community to create a better future for our planet.
It is rightly said that "Without water, our planet would be one of the billions of lifeless rocks floating endlessly in the vastness of the inky-black void."— Fabien Cousteau
The oceans are the lungs of our planet; provide oxygen for breathing, major source of food & medicine and a critical part of biosphere. We know that 3/4th part of our whole earth is full of water; it is our responsibility to save our ocean and marine life from the danger of global warming.
No doubt World Oceans Day is a big step established by the association of the Ocean Project and the World Oceans Network to save the equilibrium of water and lives on earth.
World Oceans Day 2019: Theme
The theme for 2019’s World Oceans Day is “Gender and Oceans”
The Theme of World Oceans Day 2018 was “Preventing plastic pollution and encouraging solutions for a healthy ocean”.
Pollution through plastic causes severe harm to the marine life.
- 80% of all pollution in the ocean comes from people on land.
- Per year around 8 million tonnes of plastics ends up in the ocean.
- Around 1 million seabirds and 100,000 marine animals life per year is affected by the plastic pollution.
- So, it is obvious that fish eat plastic and we eat fish.
This day is celebrated every year with a proper theme to give knowledge about the ocean and their effects on the daily life of the people.
World Oceans Day: History
Government of Canada had proposed the concept of World Ocean Day, at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Officially World Ocean Day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2008 to be celebrated worldwide annually on 8 June to resolve the problems of oceans and also to save ocean water. By the collaboration of The Ocean Project and the World Ocean Network it has been started celebrating on international level.
On 8 June, 2009, first time it has been celebrated after the official declaration by the United Nations General Assembly in the resolution 63/111, paragraph 171.
To help the event organisers a central website was also created in 2003. Every year new tools and resources for organisations and individuals are developed for free use or as they wish.
Even for engaging more youth in the campaign and for saving ocean water messages are spread through social media. On this site the information, materials and resources provided are free to use for the people or organisation who are celebrating World Oceans Day to bring about a healthier ocean and better future.
How World Ocean Day changes to World Oceans Day?
Do you know that until 2009, World Ocean Day was promoted but now we celebrate it as World Oceans Day after the resolution passed by the United Nation General Assembly in the late 2008 and added ‘s’ after Ocean? It is because Ocean Project recognises that there is one global ocean that connects us all. And within one Ocean, there are five distinct oceans namely the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean, and Southern Ocean.
Importance of Ocean
- Oceans are the lifeblood of the planet Earth and humankind.
- Ocean holds 97% of our planet's water.
- They produce more than half of the oxygen in the atmosphere, and absorb the most carbon from it.
- Ocean provides a good range of goods and services that are an integral part of our health, economies and also for our weather like fisheries, shipping routes etc.
- Oceans are an integral part of our water cycle.
- Ocean controls temperature and weather by absorbing over half the heat reaching to the Earth from the sun.
- Vast amount of green house gas that is carbon dioxide (CO2) is absorbed by the ocean water and help human in tackling the problem of global warming and climate change.
- Marine plants also produce half of the oxygen that we and all other land animals breathe.
- The ocean is the number one source of protein for more than a billion people.
- The ocean is home to the greatest abundance of life on our planet.
- Ocean is a place where we swim, surf, sail, dive etc.
- The ocean provides jobs to fishermen, lifeguards, surf instructors, harbours, (free) diving schools, marine-based tour operators, water sports businesses, holiday accommodations, and sailors.
Therefore, we can’t ignore that
"Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans." — Jacques Yves Cousteau, Oceanographer
"The real cure for our environmental problems is to understand that our job is to salvage Mother Nature. We are facing a formidable enemy in this field. It is the hunters... and to convince them to leave their guns on the wall is going to be very difficult." — Jacques Yves Cousteau, Oceanographer
Save Ocean! Save Water!